Shorthorn

A breed of cattle, raised in the United States primarily for beef. However, there are milking shorthorns. Shorthorns originated in England about 1600 and spread to Scotland and then to America in 1783. When first brought to Virginia, it was called the Durham. Shorthorns were popular with America's early settlers who valued its meat and milk. In addition, Shorthorns provided willing power for the wagon and plow. Many pioneer wagons were pulled by teams of Shorthorns. The breed's use for meat production was stimulated when Midwestern farmers began importing them directly from Scotland in 1854. Polled Shorthorns were developed from mutations, beginning around 1881 in Minnesota. Both horned and polled Shorthorns are known for adaptability, mothering ability, reproductive performance, good disposition, feed conversion and longevity. At least 45 different breeds of cattle include Shorthorn genetics. Both horned and polled Shorthorns are registered in the same breed book, maintained by the American Shorthorn Association.

Combined glossary of agriculture. - MidCountry Media publishes Farm World newspaper.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shorthorn — Espèce …   Wikipédia en Français

  • shorthorn — SHÓRTHORN s. (zool.) durham. (shorthorn este o rasă de taurine.) Trimis de siveco, 05.08.2004. Sursa: Sinonime …   Dicționar Român

  • Shorthorn — Short horn , a. One of a breed of large, heavy domestic cattle having short horns. The breed was developed in England. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shorthorn — [shôrt′hôrn΄] n. any of a breed of beef cattle, orig. from England, with short, inward curving horns and a heavy, low set body, typically red, white, and roan in color: they are raised for both beef and milk …   English World dictionary

  • Shorthorn — The Shorthorn breed of cattle originated in the North East of England in the late 18th century. The breed was developed as dual purpose, suitable for both dairy and beef production; however there were always certain blood lines within the breed… …   Wikipedia

  • Shorthorn —   Shorthorn …   Wikipedia Español

  • Shorthorn — /shawrt hawrn /, n. one of an English breed of red, white, or roan beef cattle having short horns. Also called Durham. [1820 30; SHORT + HORN] * * * or Durham Blocky, short horned breed of beef cattle developed in the late 18th century by… …   Universalium

  • Shorthorn — o Durham Raza de ganado bovino robusta y de cuernos cortos, que se desarrolló a fines del s. XVIII por cruzamiento selectivo del ganado local en el condado de Durham, Inglaterra. El color del pelaje puede ser blanco puro, rojo con manchas blancas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Shorthorn — Der Begriff Shorthorn bezeichnet eine geplante Version von Microsoft Windows Vista mehrere afrikanische Rinderrassen mit kurzen Hörnern eine Rinderrasse aus England: Shorthorn Rind …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • shorthorn — noun Shorthorn is used before these nouns: ↑cattle …   Collocations dictionary

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